• Country Official Name: Al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyyah (Kingdom of Morocco)
  • Country Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses (House of Councillors [1201]; House of Representatives [395])
  • Country Head of State: King: Muhammad VI
  • Country Head of Government: Prime Minister2: Saadeddine El Othmani
  • Country Capital: Rabat
  • Country Official Languages: Arabic; Tamazight2
  • Country Official Religion: Islam
  • Country Monetary Unit: Moroccan dirham (DH)
  • Country Population: (2020 est.) 35,955,000
  • Country Population Rank: (2019) 39
  • Country Population Projection 2030: 38,923,000
  • Country Total Area (sq mi): 169,827
  • Country Total Area (sq km): 439,850
  • Country Density: Persons per sq mi: (2020) 212.2
  • Country Density: Persons per sq km: (2020) 81.7
  • Country Urban-Rural Population
    Urban: (2018) 62.5%
    Rural: (2018) 37.5%
  • Country Life Expectancy at Birth
    Male: (2018) 74.6 years
    Female: (2018) 78 years
  • Literacy: Percentage of Population age 15 and over literate
    Male: (2015) 78.4%
    Female: (2015) 58.7%
  • GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000): (2019) 118,595
  • GNI per capita (U.S.$): (2019) 3,190

Morocco is an Islamic state, with its capital Rabat and its largest city, Casablanca, the most popular city in the far west of North Africa. Morocco is the most beautiful country you can go there and make a tour between its cities, so this article will help you to identify and recognize this country.

Geographical Location:

Morocco overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, with the Strait of Gibraltar, bordered to the east by Algeria and southern Mauritania. The West is the first city in Africa to be accepted by tourists to visit and see its monuments because of its long history.

So now we will highlight the history of the State of Morocco:

History of the State of Morocco:

Morocco’s history dates back to ancient times and was followed by the civilizations of Asholinian, Mostyrian, Tiberian, Iberumurisian, Cardiol, Bell, and Then Coptic. Archaeological evidence has shown that the area has been inhabited for at least 400,000 years.

In the first century AH, the Islamic conquest of Morocco and North Africa took place at the time of the Umayyad caliphate, but Umayyad rule did not last long as Morocco soon separated from the Umayyad caliphate after a revolution led by Misra al-Mutagari, known as the Berber Revolution in 740 AD.

In 1912, after the first Moroccan and Agadir crises, the Treaty of Fez was signed, in which Morocco became under French and Spanish protection. In 1956, after 44 years of French occupation, Morocco gained independence, and most of the territory under Spanish control quickly regained independence as well.

With this history of colonialism, its many races, and their influence on French colonialism, in particular, culture in Morocco has certainly been influenced and customs and traditions have acquired its customs,

Culture of Morocco:

Moroccan territory has over time welcomed a number of ethnicities from the east, south, and north, but each of these groups has had a profound impact on the social composition of the country. It is worth noting that Morocco is a multi-religious country such as Christianity, Islamism, and Judaism, and in addition to that each region of Morocco has unique characteristics that distinguish it from others, thus forming Moroccan culture as it is, and has provided history with a unique cultural heritage.

Customs and Traditions of the State of Morocco:

Islam is practiced by the majority of Moroccans as they govern their personal, political, economic, and legal lives, and here are some of the values of the Moroccan family:

  • – The family is the most important unit in Moroccan life and plays an important role in all social relations.
  • – The individual is always a family member or group.
  • – Nepotism is viewed positively because it indicates the care of one family.
  • – The family is made up of both extended families.
  • – Revering and respecting the elderly often exerts a great influence on the rest of the family.
  • – When Moroccans greet each other, they take their time to talk about their families, friends, and other public topics.
  • – Shaking hands is the usual greeting among same-sex people.
  • – The handshake may be somewhat weak by Western standards.
  • – It is common to give a kiss on the cheeks of people, starting with the left cheek during a handshake, men with men and women with women.
  • – When entering a social function, you must shake hands with the person on your right and then continue throughout the room and move from right to left.


Moroccan cuisine is one of the world’s most diverse cuisines, due to Morocco’s blending with the surrounding world throughout history, bringing Moroccan cuisine together in Amazigh, Arabic, Middle East, African and other places.

Moroccan cuisine ranks first in the Arab world, Africa, and second in the world.

Moroccan Food:

Couscous, Tajain, and Malawi are among the oldest Moroccan cuisines, but as far as sweets are concerned, Kaab al-Ghazal, Shabakiya, and coke are ancient Moroccan desserts.

Music and Celebrations:

One of Morocco’s most famous music is Bandar and String, a mix of Oriental, classical and Moroccan music, and each region of Morocco has its own musical character.

A number of festivals organized by the Kingdom of Morocco, such as the International Festival of Oral Heritage, the International Children’s Theatre Forum, and many other festivals, are held on Moroccan soil, and a number of national cultures hosted by Morocco are mixed in these festivals.

Language in Morocco:

Moroccans speak seven tongues, Arabic, Tashlheit, Tazgat, Darja (Moroccan slang), and Hassania (Arabic dialect of the Saharan population), as well as Spanish, in the northern and French regions.

Morocco’s linguistic situation is characterized by an undeniable linguistic multiplicity and huge chaos within which languages coexist, with each language ensuring its location, role, and status, and monopolizing its geographical regions. It is a situation in which prevailing public policy has contributed, and Morocco today coexists Amazighs (rural, Amazigh, Tashlheit), Arabic (colloquialism including hasanism), classical Arabic (or classical in the words of colonial sociology), and foreign languages: French, Spanish, and English.

The Climate in Morocco:

Morocco’s climate varies by region, as it is the Mediterranean in the north, peripheral to the west, desert in the south. Coastal areas have a mild climate, and mountainous areas in the south are often known for their cold and humid climate during winter, with the Atlas Mountains, which embrace Marrakech, known for heavy snowfall. The average sunny periods during a day exceed eight hours.


Morocco is a civilized country with very good and excellent transportation because it knows that tourists the first thing they care about is transportation within the country so as not to waste time and one of the most important means of transportation and transportation is:

Air aviation, trains, public buses, and taxis.

Tourism in Morocco:

Tourism in Morocco plays an important role in Morocco’s economy, given the stability it has enjoyed compared to other neighboring countries in North Africa. Tourism in Morocco is the main nucleus of Morocco’s service sector.

Morocco has many World Heritage Sites: the Archaeological Site of Lolili, the Palace of Ait Ben Haddo, Mazakan (New), the ancient city of Sweira, the old city of Fez, the ancient city of Marrakech, the ancient city of Tetouan, the historic city of Meknes, the cultural space of Jama al-Fna Square, Tangier and Tantan.

Morocco is a country of beauty and unique landscape tourism, and tourism in the West is characterized by its diversity as it contains many types of tourism including mountain tourism, ancient city tourism, religious tourism, and sports tourism. Tourism in Morocco has become a global destination thanks to its ingredients.

The Best Time for Visiting and Tourism in Morocco’s Cities:

The best tourism season in Morocco runs from March to May, characterized by a mild and beautiful atmosphere in Morocco’s cities, where light rain falls, as well as warm and comfortable weather for tourism in general.


At the end of this article, we hope it helpful for you and answered all your questions, if you have any further questions, please contact us or leave them in the comments.

Related Topics:

Africa Travel Guide & Advisory

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